Bitcoin | The world’s oldest and most known cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin is a deconcentrate, digital currency created in January 2009. It promises lower transaction fees than online payments. It operates through a decentralized authority, as opposed to government-issued currencies.

Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency because it uses encryption to protect it. There are no physical bitcoins, only a balance on a public ledger to which everyone has transparent access. All transactions are verified by a large amount of computing power called “mining”. 

Although there are no legal tenders in most parts of the world, it is very popular and has triggered the issuance of hundreds of other cryptocurrencies, collectively called reverse coins.

Bitcoin | The world's oldest and most known cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin system

A bitcoin system is a collection of computers that executes all bitcoin codes and secures its blockchain. Metaphorically, a blockchain can be a set of blocks. Each block has a set of transactions. Because all computers running blockchain have the same list of blocks and transactions. They can clearly see these new blocks filled with new bitcoin transactions.

Peer-to-peer technology

Bitcoin is one of the first digital currencies to use peer-to-peer technology to facilitate fast and sudden payments. Independent individuals and companies that own the governing computing power and participate in the network, are in charge of transactions and rewards.

Thus, bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies work differently from fiat currencies. The purpose of this system is to maintain price stability. A decentralized system, like a bitcoin, sets the release rate ahead of time and according to the algorithm.

Bitcoin mining

Bitcoin mining is the process by which bitcoins circulate. Its mining includes and verifies transaction records throughout the network. In 2009, the block cost 50 new bitcoins. On May 11, 2020, in the third half, the reward for discovering each block increased to 6.25 bitcoins.

However, some receive higher rewards than others. Some computer chips, called application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), and more advanced processing units, such as graphic processing units (GPUs), may receive higher rewards.

Bitcoin initial timeline

August 18, 2008

The domain name is registered bitcoin.org. Today, this domain is “WhoisGuard Protected”, meaning the identity of the person who registered. It is not public information.

October 31, 2008

A person or group using the name Satoshi Nakamoto has announced a cryptography mailing list on metzdowd.com. “I am working on a new electronic cash system that is completely similar to peer-to-peer, and no third party involvements. Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”, will become the Magna Carta of how Bitcoin works today.

January 3, 2009

The first bitcoin is extracted from the block minute. It is also known as the “Genesis Block” and has the text: “Times 03 / January / 2009 on the brink of another bailout for Chancellor Banks,” perhaps as proof that the block was on the same date. Or later, and perhaps as a related political comment.

January 8, 2009

The first version of bitcoin software has been announced on the cryptography mailing list.

January 9, 2009

Block 1 is mined, and bitcoin mining begins.

Special ideas

Bitcoin as payment

Bitcoin can be accepted by paying for the products sold or the services provided. Brick and mortar stores can display a sign that says “Bitcoin is acceptable here.” An online business can easily accept bitcoins by adding this payment option to its other online payment options as credit cards, PayPal, etc.

Bitcoin job opportunities

Self-employed people can pay for bitcoin-related jobs. There are several ways to achieve this, such as creating an Internet service and adding your bitcoin wallet address to the site as a form of payment. There are also several websites and job boards dedicated to digital currencies:

  • Cryptogrind brings together job seekers and potential employers through its website.
  • The coin includes jobs that offer freelance, part-time and full-time payments in bitcoins, as well as other cryptocurrencies such as degocoins and litecoins.
  • Jobs4Bitcoins is part of reddit.com.
  • BitGigs
  • Bitwage offers a way to convert your payments into bitcoins and send them to your bitcoin address.

How to buy a bitcoin

Many bitcoin supporters believe that digital currency is the future. Many people who support Bitcoin believe that it provides a very fast, low-fee payment system for transactions around the world. Although it does not have the support of any government or central bank.

In fact, its exchange rate against the dollar attracts potential investors and traders interested in currency dramas. One of the main reasons for the rise of digital currencies such as bitcoins is that they can serve as an alternative to traditional commodities such as national fiat money and gold.

Like any other asset, the principle of buying less and selling more applies to bitcoin. The most popular way to raise money is to buy on a bitcoin exchange, but there are many other ways to earn and own a bitcoin.

Risks associated with bitcoin investing

Although the bitcoin was not designed as a joint-equity investment, some speculative investors turned to digital currency when it gained momentum in May 2011 and November 2013. However, the lack of guaranteed value and its digital nature means that there are many inherent risks in buying and using them.

The concept of a virtual currency is still new and it has no long-term track record or backup history compared to traditional investments. With its growing popularity,it is becoming less experimental every day. Yet, just over a decade later, all digital currencies continue to rise. “This is the riskiest, most profitable investment that bitcoin and blockchain companies make and invest in,” said Barry Silbert, CEO of Digital Currency Group.

Regulatory risk

In many of its guises, investing in bitcoin is not without risk. As a result, governments may seek to control, limit, or restrict the use and sale of these (and some pre-existing ones). Others are coming up with different rules.

In 2015, for example, the New York State Department of Financial Services finalized laws requiring companies to have a compliance officer to deal with the purchase, sale, transfer, or storage of coins.

The lack of uniform rules on bitcoins (and other virtual currencies) raises questions about their longevity, liquidity, and globalization.

Security risk

Most people who own and use bitcoins have not earned their tokens through mining operations. Instead, they buy and sell and other digital currencies in any popular online marketplace, called bitcoin exchanges or cryptocurrency exchanges.

Bitcoin exchanges are completely digital and, like any virtual system, suffer from hackers, malware, and operational glitches. If a thief gains access to the owner’s computer hard drive and steals their private encryption, he can transfer the stolen bitcoin to another account.

This is especially annoying because all transactions are permanent and non-refundable. There is no third party or payment processor, as is the case with debit or credit cards. There is no means of protection or appeal if there is a problem.

Risk of insurance

Some investments are made through Securities Investor Protection Corporation. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insures up to a certain amount of ordinary bank accounts in terms of jurisdiction.

In 2019, prime dealer and trading platform SFOX announced that it would be able to provide FDIC insurance to  investors, but only for a fraction of the cash transactions.

Risk of fraud

Although its owners use private key encryption to verify and register transactions, fraudsters and fraudsters may try to sell counterfeit bitcoins. For example, in July 2013, the SEC took legal action against the operator of a Ponzi scheme.

There is also a documented case of price manipulation, another common form of fraud.

Market risk

Like any investment, Bitcoin values can fluctuate. In fact, the value of the currency has seen wild swings in its short existence. Subject to high volume buying and selling on exchanges. It is more sensitive to any newsworthy events. According to the CFPB, the value of bitcoins fell by 61% in a single day in 2013, while in 2014 it fell to a record 80% in a single day.

If fewer people start accepting bitcoins as currency, these digital units may lose their value and become useless. In fact, it was speculated that the “bitcoin bubble” had burst when prices fell from all levels during the cryptocurrency rush in late 2017 and early 2018.

There is already a lot of competition, and although it has a huge advantage over hundreds of other digital currencies due to its brand identity and venture capital money, technological advances in the form of better virtual coins are always a threat.